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MBD1 Antibody (C-term)

Purified Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody (Pab)

     
  • 1 - MBD1 Antibody (C-term) AP1036B
    Western blot analysis of anti-MBD1 Pab (Cat. #AP1036b) in HeLa cell lysate. MBD1 (Arrow) was detected using purified Pab. Secondary HRP-anti-rabbit was used for signal visualization with chemiluminescence.
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Product info
Application
  • Applications Legend:
  • E=ELISA
  • WB=Western Blotting
  • IHC=Immunohistochemistry
  • IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin)
  • IP=Immunoprecipitation
  • IF=Immunofluorescence
  • IC=Immunochemistry
  • ICC=Immunocytochemistry
  • FC=Flow Cytometry
  • DB=Dot Blot
WB, E
Primary Accession Q9UIS9
Reactivity Human
Host Rabbit
Clonality Polyclonal
Isotype Rabbit Ig
Calculated MW 66607 Da
Additional info
Gene ID 4152
Other Names Methyl-CpG-binding domain protein 1, CXXC-type zinc finger protein 3, Methyl-CpG-binding protein MBD1, Protein containing methyl-CpG-binding domain 1, MBD1, CXXC3, PCM1
Target/Specificity This MBD1 antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 376-405 amino acids from the C-terminal region of human MBD1.
Dilution WB~~1:1000
Format Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein G column, eluted with high and low pH buffers and neutralized immediately, followed by dialysis against PBS.
StorageMaintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.
PrecautionsMBD1 Antibody (C-term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Protein Information
Name MBD1
Synonyms CXXC3, PCM1
Function Transcriptional repressor that binds CpG islands in promoters where the DNA is methylated at position 5 of cytosine within CpG dinucleotides. Binding is abolished by the presence of 7-mG that is produced by DNA damage by methylmethanesulfonate (MMS). Acts as transcriptional repressor and plays a role in gene silencing by recruiting AFT7IP, which in turn recruits factors such as the histone methyltransferase SETDB1. Probably forms a complex with SETDB1 and ATF7IP that represses transcription and couples DNA methylation and histone 'Lys-9' trimethylation. Isoform 1 and isoform 2 can also repress transcription from unmethylated promoters.
Cellular Location Nucleus. Nucleus matrix. Nucleus speckle. Chromosome. Note=Colocalizes with the Ten-1 ICD form of TENM1 in foci associated with the nuclear matrix (By similarity). Nuclear, in a punctate pattern. Associated with euchromatic regions of the chromosomes, with pericentromeric regions on chromosome 1 and with telomeric regions from several chromosomes.
Tissue Location Widely expressed.
Research Areas
Specific binding of the methyl binding domain protein 2 at the BRCA1-NBR2 locus.
Author : Auriol E, Billard LM, Magdinier F, Dante R.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2005 Jul 28;33(13):4243-54. Print 2005.
16052033

BACKGROUND

DNA methylation, or the addition of methyl groups to cytosine bases in the dinucleotide CpG, is imperative to proper development and regulates gene expression. The methylation pattern involves the enzymatic processes of methylation and demethylation. The demethylation enzyme was recently found to be a mammalian protein, which exhibits demethylase activity associated to a methyl-CpG-binding domain (MBD) (1). The enzyme is able to revert methylated cytosine bases to cytosines within the particular dinucleotide sequence mdCpdG by catalyzing the cleaving of the methyl group as methanol. MeCP2 and MBD1 (PCM1) are first found to repress transcription by binding specifically to methylated DNA (2). MBD2 and MBD4 (also known as MED1) were later found to colocalize with foci of heavily methylated satellite DNA and believed to mediate the biological functions of the methylation signal. Surprisingly, MBD3 does not bind methylated DNA both in vivo and in vitro. MBD1, MBD2, MBD3, and MBD4 are found to be expressed in somatic tissues, but the expression of MBD1 and MBD2 is reduced or absent in embryonic stem cells, which are known to be deficient in MeCP1 activity. MBD4 have homology to bacterial base excision repair DNA N-glycosylases/lyases (3). In some microsatellite unstable tumors MBD4 is mutated at an exonic polynucleotide tract (4).

REFERENCES

Bhattacharya SK, Ramchandani S, Cervoni N, Szyf. M. Nature, 397 (6720):579-583 1999.
Hendrich B and Bird A. Mol Cell Biol, 18: 6538-6547(1998).
Petronzelli F, Riccio A, Markham GD, Seeholzer SH, Stoerker J, Genuardi M, Yeung AT, Matsumoto Y, Bellacosa A. J Biol Chem 275 (42): 32422-32429 (2000).
Bader S, Walker M, Harrison D. Br J Cancer 83(12): 1646-1649 (2000).

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