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>   首页   >   产品   >   一抗   >   癌症   >   SPHK1 Antibody (Center)   

SPHK1 Antibody (Center)

Purified Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody (Pab)

     
  • 1 - SPHK1 Antibody (Center) AP7237C
    Western blot analysis of lysates from 293, HepG2, HUVEC, Raji, rat C6, mouse C2C12 cell line (from left to right), using SPHK1 Antibody (R301)(Cat. #AP7237c). AP7237c was diluted at 1:1000 at each lane. A goat anti-rabbit IgG H&L(HRP) at 1:5000 dilution was used as the secondary antibody. Lysates at 35ug per lane.
  • 1 - SPHK1 Antibody (Center) AP7237C
    Western blot analysis of SPHK1 (arrow) using rabbit polyclonal SPHK1 Antibody (R301) (Cat.#AP7237c). 293 cell lysates (2 ug/lane) either nontransfected (Lane 1) or transiently transfected (Lane 2) with the SPHK1 gene.
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Product Information
Application
  • Applications Legend:
  • E=ELISA
  • WB=Western Blotting
  • IHC=Immunohistochemistry
  • IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin)
  • IP=Immunoprecipitation
  • IF=Immunofluorescence
  • IC=Immunochemistry
  • ICC=Immunocytochemistry
  • FC=Flow Cytometry
  • DB=Dot Blot
WB, IHC-P, E
Primary Accession Q9NYA1
Reactivity Human, Mouse, Rat
Host Rabbit
Clonality Polyclonal
Isotype Rabbit IgG
Calculated MW 42518 Da
Additional Information
Gene ID 8877
Other Names Sphingosine kinase 1, SK 1, SPK 1, SPHK1, SPHK, SPK
Target/Specificity This SPHK1 antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 286-315 amino acids from the Central region of human SPHK1.
Dilution WB~~1:1000
Format Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is prepared by Saturated Ammonium Sulfate (SAS) precipitation followed by dialysis against PBS.
StorageMaintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.
PrecautionsSPHK1 Antibody (Center) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Protein Information
Name SPHK1 (HGNC:11240)
Function Catalyzes the phosphorylation of sphingosine to form sphingosine 1-phosphate (SPP), a lipid mediator with both intra- and extracellular functions. Also acts on D-erythro-sphingosine and to a lesser extent sphinganine, but not other lipids, such as D,L-threo- dihydrosphingosine, N,N-dimethylsphingosine, diacylglycerol, ceramide, or phosphatidylinositol (PubMed:20577214, PubMed:23602659, PubMed:29662056, PubMed:24929359, PubMed:11923095). In contrast to proapoptotic SPHK2, has a negative effect on intracellular ceramide levels, enhances cell growth and inhibits apoptosis (PubMed:16118219). Involved in the regulation of inflammatory response and neuroinflammation. Via the product sphingosine 1-phosphate, stimulates TRAF2 E3 ubiquitin ligase activity, and promotes activation of NF- kappa-B in response to TNF signaling leading to IL17 secretion (PubMed:20577214). In response to TNF and in parallel to NF-kappa-B activation, negatively regulates RANTES induction through p38 MAPK signaling pathway (PubMed:23935096). Involved in endocytic membrane trafficking induced by sphingosine, recruited to dilate endosomes, also plays a role on later stages of endosomal maturation and membrane fusion independently of its kinase activity (PubMed:28049734, PubMed:24929359). In Purkinje cells, seems to be also involved in the regulation of autophagosome-lysosome fusion upon VEGFA (PubMed:25417698).
Cellular Location Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cell membrane. Endosome membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Membrane, clathrin-coated pit. Cell junction, synapse {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q8CI15}. Note=Translocated from the cytoplasm to the plasma membrane in a CIB1-dependent manner (PubMed:19854831). Binds to membranes containing negatively charged lipids but not neutral lipids (PubMed:24929359). Recruited to endocytic membranes by sphingosine where promotes membrane fusion (By similarity) {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q8CI15, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19854831, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24929359}
Tissue Location Widely expressed with highest levels in adult liver, kidney, heart and skeletal muscle. Expressed in brain cortex (at protein level) (PubMed:29662056).
Research Areas

BACKGROUND

Sphingosine Kinase (SphK) catalyzes the phosphorylation of the lipid sphingosine, creating the bioactive lipid sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). S1P subsequently signals through cell surface G protein-coupled receptors, as well as intracellularly, to modulate cell proliferation, survival, motility and differentiation. SphK is an important signaling enzyme which is activated by diverse agents, including growth factors that signal through receptor tyrosine kinases, agents activating G protein-coupled receptors, and immunoglobulin receptors. Two SphK isotypes, SphK-1 and SphK-2, have been cloned, and both isotypes are ubiquitously expressed. SphK-1 has been shown to mediate cell growth, prevention of apoptosis, and cellular transformation, and is upregulated in a variety of human tumors. In contrast, SphK-2 increases apoptosis, and may be responsible for phosphorylating and activating the immunosuppressive drug FTY720.

REFERENCES

Ota, T., et al., Nat. Genet. 36(1):40-45 (2004). Nava, V.E., et al., FEBS Lett. 473(1):81-84 (2000). Melendez, A.J., et al., Gene 251(1):19-26 (2000). Pitson, S.M., et al., Biochem. J. 350 Pt 2, 429-441 (2000).

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